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          Title: 
            NOAA Coral Reef Watch Operational Daily Near-Real-Time Global 5-km 
            Satellite Coral Bleaching Monitoring Products
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
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            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
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            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2020-06-04
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                    Address: 
                      Electronic_Mail_Address: 
                        coralreefwatch@noaa.gov
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        (CRW) version 3.1 operational global satellite coral bleaching heat 
        stress monitoring products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near 
        real-time, including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, 
        HotSpot, Degree Heating Week (DHW), and Bleaching Alert Area (BAA). 
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        surface temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        operational near-real-time daily global 5-km 
        geostationary-polar-orbiting (geo-polar) blended night-only SST 
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        geo-polar blended night-only SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met 
        Office 1985-2002 daily global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of 
        Operational SST and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the 
        difference of SST compared to daily SST climatology. The coral 
        bleaching HotSpot is a special type of sea surface temperature (SST) 
        anomaly and shows the difference of SST compared to a coral bleaching 
        SST threshold climatology. DHW is the accumulation of Coral Bleaching 
        HotSpots over a period of 12 consecutive weeks. The DHW value at any 
        particular location at any particular time is the summation of the 
        product of HotSpot values which are at least 1 deg C above the 
        bleaching threshold SST and their durations in weeks over the most 
        recent 12-week period. One DHW is equivalent to 1 week of SST at 1 deg 
        C above the threshold or 0.5 week of SST at 2 deg C above the 
        threshold, etc. The units for DHW are deg C-weeks, combining the 
        intensity and duration of heat stress into one single number. Based on 
        research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat stress reaches 4 deg 
        C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral bleaching, especially 
        in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 deg C-weeks or 
        higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and mortality from 
        the heat stress. For access to the full time series, use PacIOOS ERDDAP.
      Purpose: 
        PacIOOS provides timely, reliable, and accurate ocean information to 
        support a safe, clean, productive ocean and resilient coastal zone in 
        the U.S. Pacific Islands region.
      Credit: 
        NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW)
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            > SUOMI-NPP > Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership
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            Spectrometers/Radiometers > Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers > 
            AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
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            GOES-15 Imager > Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 
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            OSTIA Usage Statement (1985-2002): IMPORTANT usage statement. 
            Unless otherwise agreed in writing, these data may be used for 
            pure academic research only, with no commercial or other 
            application and all usage must meet the Met Office Standard Terms 
            and Conditions, which may be found here: 
            http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/legal/tandc.html. The data 
            may be used for a maximum period of 5 years. Reproduction of the 
            data is permitted provided the following copyright statement is 
            included: (C) Crown Copyright 2010, published by the Met Office. 
            You must submit a completed reproduction license application form 
            (here 
            http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/legal/repro_licence.html) 
            before using the data. This only needs to be completed once for 
            each user. WARNING Some applications are unable to properly handle 
            signed byte values. If values are encountered > 127, please 
            subtract 256 from this reported value. GHRSST statement 
            (2002-present): GHRSST protocol describes data use as free and 
            open. Coral Reef Watch program statement: The data produced by 
            Coral Reef Watch are available for use without restriction, but 
            Coral Reef Watch relies on the ethics and integrity of the user to 
            ensure that the source of the data and products is appropriately 
            cited and credited. When using these data and products, credit and 
            courtesy should be given to NOAA Coral Reef Watch. Please include 
            the appropriate DOI associated with this dataset in the citation. 
            For more information, visit the NOAA Coral Reef Watch website: 
            https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov. Recommendations for citing and 
            providing credit are provided at 
            https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/docs/recommendations_crw_citation.php. 
            Users are referred to the footer section of Coral Reef Watch's 
            website (https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/index.php) for 
            disclaimers, policies, notices pertaining to the use of the data.
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          Date: 
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              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
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        stress monitoring products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near 
        real-time, including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, 
        HotSpot, Degree Heating Week (DHW), and Bleaching Alert Area (BAA). 
        These data are based on CoralTemp Version 1.0, a daily global 5-km sea 
        surface temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        operational near-real-time daily global 5-km 
        geostationary-polar-orbiting (geo-polar) blended night-only SST 
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        geo-polar blended night-only SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met 
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        Operational SST and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the 
        difference of SST compared to daily SST climatology. The coral 
        bleaching HotSpot is a special type of sea surface temperature (SST) 
        anomaly and shows the difference of SST compared to a coral bleaching 
        SST threshold climatology. DHW is the accumulation of Coral Bleaching 
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        bleaching threshold SST and their durations in weeks over the most 
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        research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat stress reaches 4 deg 
        C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral bleaching, especially 
        in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 deg C-weeks or 
        higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and mortality from 
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          Title: 
            NOAA Coral Reef Watch Operational Daily Near-Real-Time Global 5-km 
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          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
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        real-time, including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, 
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        operational near-real-time daily global 5-km 
        geostationary-polar-orbiting (geo-polar) blended night-only SST 
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        geo-polar blended night-only SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met 
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        difference of SST compared to daily SST climatology. The coral 
        bleaching HotSpot is a special type of sea surface temperature (SST) 
        anomaly and shows the difference of SST compared to a coral bleaching 
        SST threshold climatology. DHW is the accumulation of Coral Bleaching 
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        research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat stress reaches 4 deg 
        C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral bleaching, especially 
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          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
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        (CRW) version 3.1 operational global satellite coral bleaching heat 
        stress monitoring products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near 
        real-time, including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, 
        HotSpot, Degree Heating Week (DHW), and Bleaching Alert Area (BAA). 
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        surface temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        operational near-real-time daily global 5-km 
        geostationary-polar-orbiting (geo-polar) blended night-only SST 
        analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 2002-2016 reprocessed daily global 5-km 
        geo-polar blended night-only SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met 
        Office 1985-2002 daily global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of 
        Operational SST and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the 
        difference of SST compared to daily SST climatology. The coral 
        bleaching HotSpot is a special type of sea surface temperature (SST) 
        anomaly and shows the difference of SST compared to a coral bleaching 
        SST threshold climatology. DHW is the accumulation of Coral Bleaching 
        HotSpots over a period of 12 consecutive weeks. The DHW value at any 
        particular location at any particular time is the summation of the 
        product of HotSpot values which are at least 1 deg C above the 
        bleaching threshold SST and their durations in weeks over the most 
        recent 12-week period. One DHW is equivalent to 1 week of SST at 1 deg 
        C above the threshold or 0.5 week of SST at 2 deg C above the 
        threshold, etc. The units for DHW are deg C-weeks, combining the 
        intensity and duration of heat stress into one single number. Based on 
        research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat stress reaches 4 deg 
        C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral bleaching, especially 
        in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 deg C-weeks or 
        higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and mortality from 
        the heat stress. For access to the full time series, use PacIOOS ERDDAP.
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    Service_Identification: 
      Citation: 
        Citation: 
          Title: 
            NOAA Coral Reef Watch Operational Daily Near-Real-Time Global 5-km 
            Satellite Coral Bleaching Monitoring Products
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
                  creation
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
                  issued
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2020-06-04
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
                  revision
          Cited_Responsible_Party: 
            Responsible_Party: 
              Organisation_Name: 
                NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW)
              Contact_Information: 
                Contact: 
                  Address: 
                    Address: 
                      Electronic_Mail_Address: 
                        coralreefwatch@noaa.gov
                  Online_Resource: 
                    Online_Resource: 
                      Linkage: 
                        URL: 
                          https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov
                      Protocol: 
                        http
                      Application_Profile: 
                        web browser
                      Name: 
                      Description: 
                      Function: 
                        OnLine_Function_Code: 
                          information
              Role: 
                Role_Code: 
                  originator
      Abstract: 
        Contains the most recent 3 years of a suite of NOAA Coral Reef Watch 
        (CRW) version 3.1 operational global satellite coral bleaching heat 
        stress monitoring products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near 
        real-time, including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, 
        HotSpot, Degree Heating Week (DHW), and Bleaching Alert Area (BAA). 
        These data are based on CoralTemp Version 1.0, a daily global 5-km sea 
        surface temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        operational near-real-time daily global 5-km 
        geostationary-polar-orbiting (geo-polar) blended night-only SST 
        analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 2002-2016 reprocessed daily global 5-km 
        geo-polar blended night-only SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met 
        Office 1985-2002 daily global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of 
        Operational SST and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the 
        difference of SST compared to daily SST climatology. The coral 
        bleaching HotSpot is a special type of sea surface temperature (SST) 
        anomaly and shows the difference of SST compared to a coral bleaching 
        SST threshold climatology. DHW is the accumulation of Coral Bleaching 
        HotSpots over a period of 12 consecutive weeks. The DHW value at any 
        particular location at any particular time is the summation of the 
        product of HotSpot values which are at least 1 deg C above the 
        bleaching threshold SST and their durations in weeks over the most 
        recent 12-week period. One DHW is equivalent to 1 week of SST at 1 deg 
        C above the threshold or 0.5 week of SST at 2 deg C above the 
        threshold, etc. The units for DHW are deg C-weeks, combining the 
        intensity and duration of heat stress into one single number. Based on 
        research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat stress reaches 4 deg 
        C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral bleaching, especially 
        in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 deg C-weeks or 
        higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and mortality from 
        the heat stress. For access to the full time series, use PacIOOS ERDDAP.
      Service_Type: 
        Local_Name: 
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        Extent: 
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            Geographic_Bounding_Box: 
              Extent_Type_Code: 
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              East_Bound_Longitude: 
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              South_Bound_Latitude: 
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              North_Bound_Latitude: 
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          Temporal_Element: 
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                    2021-02-21T12:00:00Z
                  End_Position: 
                    2024-02-20T12:00:00Z
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          Distributed_Computing_Platforms: 
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      Operates_On: 
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      Content_Type: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                crs
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    short
          Descriptor: 
            . This is a container variable that describes the grid_mapping 
            used by the data in this file. This variable does not contain any 
            data; only information about the geographic coordinate system.
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_DHW
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
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          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_DHW_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_DHW pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in the same 
            size as the data array in the X and Y directions, classifying 
            land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by the same 
            missing_value (specified by the variable attribute _FillValue) in 
            the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
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          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_HOTSPOT_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
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          Descriptor: 
            CRW_HOTSPOT pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in the 
            same size as the data array in the X and Y directions, classifying 
            land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by the same 
            missing_value (specified by the variable attribute _FillValue) in 
            the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SSTANOMALY
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
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          Descriptor: 
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          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SSTANOMALY_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_SSTANOMALY pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in 
            the same size as the data array in the X and Y directions, 
            classifying land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by 
            the same missing_value (specified by the variable attribute 
            _FillValue) in the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            bleaching alert area. Bleaching Alert Area (BAA) values are coral 
            bleaching heat stress levels: 0 - No Stress; 1 - Bleaching Watch; 
            2 - Bleaching Warning; 3 - Bleaching Alert Level 1; 4 - Bleaching 
            Alert Level 2. Product description is provided at 
            https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/product/5km/index.php.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_BAA_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_BAA pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in the same 
            size as the data array in the X and Y directions, classifying 
            land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by the same 
            missing_value (specified by the variable attribute _FillValue) in 
            the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_BAA_7D_MAX
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            bleaching alert area 7-day maximum composite. Bleaching Alert Area 
            (BAA) values are coral bleaching heat stress levels: 0 - No 
            Stress; 1 - Bleaching Watch; 2 - Bleaching Warning; 3 - Bleaching 
            Alert Level 1; 4 - Bleaching Alert Level 2. Product description is 
            provided at https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/product/5km/index.php.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_BAA_7D_MAX pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in 
            the same size as the data array in the X and Y directions, 
            classifying land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by 
            the same missing_value (specified by the variable attribute 
            _FillValue) in the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SEAICE
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
            sea ice fraction (sea_ice_area_fraction). 0 is 0% ice, 1 is 100% ice
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SST
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
            sea surface temperature (sea_surface_temperature)
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                latitude
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            latitude (latitude). equirectangular projection and grid centers
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
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            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                longitude
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            longitude (longitude). equirectangular projection and grid centers
          Value_Unit: 
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        Band: 
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            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    int
          Descriptor: 
            reference time (time)
          Value_Unit: 
  Distribution_Information: 
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      Distributor: 
        Distributor: 
          Distributor_Contact: 
            Responsible_Party: 
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              Organisation_Name: 
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              Contact_Information: 
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                    Address: 
                      Electronic_Mail_Address: 
                        info@pacioos.org
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                      Linkage: 
                        URL: 
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                      Protocol: 
                        http
                      Application_Profile: 
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                      Name: 
                      Description: 
                      Function: 
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              Role: 
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          Distributor_Format: 
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              Name: 
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              Version: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a catalog page for this dataset within 
                    THREDDS Data Server (TDS).
                  Function: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Name: 
                    File Information
                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a standard OPeNDAP html interface for 
                    selecting data from this dataset. Change the extension to 
                    .info for a description of the dataset.
                  Function: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Name: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Name: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Protocol: 
                    ERDDAP:griddap
                  Name: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
            Digital_Transfer_Options: 
              Online: 
                Online_Resource: 
                  Linkage: 
                    URL: 
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                  Protocol: 
                    http
                  Name: 
                    Related URL
                  Description: 
                    This URL provides additional information related to this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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  Data_Quality_Information: 
    Data_Quality: 
      Scope: 
        Scope: 
          Hierarchy_Level: 
            Scope_Code: 
              dataset
      Lineage: 
        Lineage: 
          Statement: 
            2017-05-19T00:00:00Z Data obtained from NOAA Coral Reef Watch and 
            re-distributed via THREDDS Data Server (TDS) at PacIOOS to provide 
            temporal aggregation and distribution through NetCDF/OPeNDAP 
            utilities like ncWMS and ERDDAP.
            2018-11-26T00:00:00Z Upgraded dataset from v3.0 to v3.1, which 
            also extends start date from 2013-06-03 back to 1985-04-01.
            2020-06-04T00:00:00Z Although still v3.1, CRW implemented some 
            changes to metadata and ice masks for transition to NOAA/NESDIS 
            operational products.
            2024-01-12T22:35:00Z Due to ongoing difficulty serving the entire 
            time series aggregation through TDS, we are now limiting access to 
            the latest 3 years. For the full time series, see PacIOOS ERDDAP 
            instead.
  Metadata_Maintenance: 
    Maintenance_Information: 
      Maintenance_And_Update_Frequency: 
      Maintenance_Note: 
        This record was translated from NcML using UnidataDD2MI.xsl Version 2.3.