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Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB) Beach Water Quality Data

Identification Information

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB) Beach Water Quality Data

Date:

Date: March 28, 2013
Date Type: creation (CI_DateTypeCode)
Identifier:
Code: cwb_water_quality
Authority: org.pacioos

Responsible Party:

Organization Name: State of Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB)
Contact:

Contact Address:

Email: cleanwaterbranch@doh.hawaii.gov

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://health.hawaii.gov/cwb/
Protocol: http
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
Contact Role: originator (CI_RoleCode)

Responsible Party:

Organization Name: Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS)
Contact:

Contact Address:

Email: info@pacioos.org

Online Resource:

Linkage: http://pacioos.org
Protocol: http
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
Contact Role: publisher (CI_RoleCode)

Suggested data citation: State of Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB). 2013. Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB) Beach Water Quality Data. [Indicate temporal subset used.] Distributed by the Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS). http://pacioos.org/metadata/cwb_water_quality.html. Accessed [date].

Abstract:

Exposure to sewage contaminated recreational waters may cause gastrointestinal illnesses in swimmers. The State of Hawaii Department of Health (HIDOH) Clean Water Branch (CWB) monitors the waters of Hawaii's beaches for concentrations of Enterococcus, which acts as an indicator of pathogens. The CWB also uses Clostridium perfringens as a secondary tracer of sewage contamination. Results of this monitoring are evaluated using a decision rule to determine whether a beach is safe ("Compliant") or not safe (on "Alert") for swimming and other water contact activities. If a beach is found to be on "Alert" due to elevated indicator bacteria levels, the CWB issues public warnings and alerts and determines whether resampling of the area is necessary.

Under the U.S. BEACH Act, the State of Hawaii receives an annual grant to implement its beach monitoring program. This requires the State to conduct a monitoring and notification program that is consistent with performance criteria published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2002. In March 2010, the EPA approved amendments to the Hawaii Administrative Rules (HAR), Chapter 11-54, Water Quality Standards (CWB QAPrgP, HIDOH 2011, Appendix D), which revised the previous State Enterococcus criteria of a geometric mean (GM) of 7 colony-forming units (CFU) per 100 mL and a single sample maximum (SSM) of 100 CFU/100 mL to meet current EPA guidelines. The State of Hawaii now uses the EPA recommended Enterococcus GM and SSM for recreational waters consistent in the 1986 Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Bacteria. The criterion lists the GM and SSM for marine waters as 35 CFU/100 mL and 104 CFU/100 mL, respectively.

The CWB utilizes Clostridium perfringens as a secondary tracer in addition to the Enterococcus indicator to help distinguish between sewage and non-sewage sources of elevated Enterococcus levels in marine coastal waters. The reliability of Enterococcus as an indicator organism in tropical environments has been questioned. This issue was formally documented in the report, Tropical Water Quality Indicator Workshop (Fujioka and Byappanahalli, 2003).

One of the limitations of all available and EPA-approved test methods is that the sample must be incubated for about 24 hours. As a result, the public finds out today when they shouldn't have gone in the water yesterday. As a result, warning signs on the beach may or may not be reflective of actual water quality because they are based on tests performed one or more days ago.

Purpose:

PacIOOS provides timely, reliable, and accurate ocean information to support a safe, clean, productive ocean and resilient coastal zone in the U.S. Pacific Islands region.

Credit:

The Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS) is funded through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as a Regional Association within the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS). PacIOOS is coordinated by the University of Hawaii School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST).

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Organization Name: State of Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB)
Contact:

Contact Address:

Email: cleanwaterbranch@doh.hawaii.gov

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://health.hawaii.gov/cwb/
Protocol: http
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
Contact Role: pointOfContact (CI_RoleCode)

Browse Graphic:


View full image

Image File: http://www.pacioos.hawaii.edu/metadata/browse/cwb_water_quality.png

File Description:

Sample image.

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords:

Keyword Type: theme (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: Earth Science Oceans Ocean Chemistry Oxygen
Keyword: Earth Science Oceans Ocean Chemistry pH
Keyword: Earth Science Oceans Ocean Optics Turbidity
Keyword: Earth Science Oceans Ocean Temperature Water Temperature
Keyword: Earth Science Oceans Salinity/Density Salinity
Keyword: Earth Science Oceans Water Quality Ocean Contaminants

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: GCMD Science Keywords

Keywords:

Keyword Type: theme (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: In Situ Land-based Platforms Ocean Platform/Ocean Stations Coastal Stations

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: GCMD Platform Keywords

Keywords:

Keyword Type: theme (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: In Situ/Laboratory Instruments Chemical Meters/Analyzers Autoanalyzer
Keyword: In Situ/Laboratory Instruments Chemical Meters/Analyzers pH Meters
Keyword: In Situ/Laboratory Instruments Conductivity Sensors
Keyword: In Situ/Laboratory Instruments Photon/Optical Detectors Turbidity Meters
Keyword: In Situ/Laboratory Instruments Samplers Bottles/Flasks/Jars
Keyword: In Situ/Laboratory Instruments Temperature/Humidity Sensors Temperature Sensors

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: GCMD Instrument Keywords

Keywords:

Keyword Type: place (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: Continent North America United States Of America Hawaii
Keyword: Ocean Pacific Ocean Central Pacific Ocean Hawaiian Islands

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: GCMD Location Keywords

Keywords:

Keyword Type: project (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: PacIOOS Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: GCMD Project Keywords

Keywords:

Keyword Type: dataCenter (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: PacIOOS Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: GCMD Data Center Keywords

Keywords:

Keyword Type: theme (MD_KeywordTypeCode)

Keyword: fractional_saturation_of_oxygen_in_sea_water
Keyword: latitude
Keyword: longitude
Keyword: mass_concentration_of_oxygen_in_sea_water
Keyword: number_concentration_of_clostridium_perfringens_in_sea_water
Keyword: number_concentration_of_enterococcus_in_sea_water
Keyword: sea_water_ph_reported_on_total_scale
Keyword: sea_water_practical_salinity
Keyword: sea_water_temperature
Keyword: sea_water_turbidity
Keyword: time

Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: CF Standard Name Table v39

Aggregation Information:

Aggregate Dataset Name:

Citation Information:

Title: Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS)

Association Type: largerWorkCitation (DS_AssociationTypeCode)

Initiative Type: project (DS_InitiativeTypeCode)

Aggregation Information:

Aggregate Dataset Identifier:

Code: TimeSeries
Authority: Unidata Common Data Model

Association Type: largerWorkCitation (DS_AssociationTypeCode)

Initiative Type: project (DS_InitiativeTypeCode)

Resource Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Use Limitation:

The data may be used and redistributed for free but is not intended for legal use, since it may contain inaccuracies. Neither the data Contributor, University of Hawaii, PacIOOS, NOAA, State of Hawaii nor the United States Government, nor any of their employees or contractors, makes any warranty, express or implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, or assumes any legal liability for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of this information.

Language:

eng

Topic Categories (MD_TopicCategoryCode):

Topic Category: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Topic Category: environment
Topic Category: health
Topic Category: oceans

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

á
Westbound Longitude: -159.7774░
Eastbound Longitude: -154.8167░
Southbound Latitude: 18.91439░
Northbound Latitude: 22.22542░

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: June 4, 1973
End Position: now

Vertical Element:

Minimum Value: -0.3 m
Maximum Value: -0.3 m
Coordinate Reference System (CRS): missing

Services:

Service Identification:

Identifier: ERDDAP-tabledap

Service Type: ERDDAP tabledap

Contains Operation:

Operation Name: ERDDAPtabledapDatasetQueryAndAccess

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://pae-paha.pacioos.hawaii.edu/erddap/tabledap/cwb_water_quality
Name: ERDDAP-tabledap
Protocol: ERDDAP:tabledap
Description: ERDDAP's tabledap service (a flavor of OPeNDAP) for tabular (sequence) data. Add different extensions (e.g., .html, .graph, .das, .dds) to the base URL for different purposes.
Function: download (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)

Services:

Service Identification:

Identifier: OPeNDAP

Service Type: OPeNDAP

Contains Operation:

Operation Name: OPeNDAPDatasetQueryAndAccess

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://pae-paha.pacioos.hawaii.edu/erddap/tabledap/cwb_water_quality
Name: OPeNDAP
Protocol: OPeNDAP:OPeNDAP
Description: An OPeNDAP service for tabular (sequence) data. Add different extensions (e.g., .html, .das, .dds) to the base URL for different purposes.
Function: download (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)

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Data Quality Information

Scope:

dataset

Lineage:

Statement:

2013-03-29T00:00:00Z PacIOOS begins ingest from U.S. Water Quality Portal (WQP) and Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB) into PacIOOS ERDDAP data server.

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Spatial Representation Information

Number Of Dimensions:

3

Axis Dimension Properties:

Dimension:

Dimension Name: column (MD_DimensionNameTypeCode)
Resolution: 0.0 degrees_east

Dimension:

Dimension Name: row (MD_DimensionNameTypeCode)
Resolution: 0.0 degrees_north

Dimension:

Dimension Name: temporal (MD_DimensionNameTypeCode)

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Content Information

Coverage Description:

Content Type: physicalMeasurement (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode)

Dimensions:

Dimension:

Attribute Name: time
Attribute Type: double
Units: secondsásinceá1970-01-01T00-00-00Z
Descriptor:

Time (time)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: longitude
Attribute Type: float
Units: degrees_east
Descriptor:

Longitude (longitude)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: latitude
Attribute Type: float
Units: degrees_north
Descriptor:

Latitude (latitude)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: location_id
Attribute Type: int
Descriptor:

CWB identifier for this sampling location

Dimension:

Attribute Name: location_name
Attribute Type: String
Descriptor:

location name

Dimension:

Attribute Name: enterococcus
Attribute Type: float
Units: 1/%28100-mL%29
Descriptor:

Enterococcus CFU (number_concentration_of_enterococcus_in_sea_water)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: clostridium
Attribute Type: float
Units: 1/%28100-mL%29
Descriptor:

Clostridium perfringens CFU (number_concentration_of_clostridium_perfringens_in_sea_water)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: water_temperature
Attribute Type: float
Units: Celsius
Descriptor:

water temperature (sea_water_temperature)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: salinity
Attribute Type: float
Units: 1
Descriptor:

salinity PSU (sea_water_practical_salinity)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: turbidity
Attribute Type: float
Units: 1
Descriptor:

turbidity NTU (sea_water_turbidity)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: ph
Attribute Type: float
Units: 1
Descriptor:

pH (sea_water_ph_reported_on_total_scale)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: oxygen
Attribute Type: float
Units: mg/L
Descriptor:

dissolved oxygen (mass_concentration_of_oxygen_in_sea_water)

Dimension:

Attribute Name: oxygen_saturation
Attribute Type: float
Units: %
Descriptor:

dissolved oxygen saturation (fractional_saturation_of_oxygen_in_sea_water)

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Distribution Information

Distributor:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Organization Name: Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS)
Contact:

Contact Address:

Email: info@pacioos.org

Online Resource:

Linkage: http://pacioos.org
Protocol: http
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
Contact Role: publisher (CI_RoleCode)

Distributor Formats:

Name: OPeNDAP
Version: DAP/2.0

Distributor Transfer Options:

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://pae-paha.pacioos.hawaii.edu/erddap/tabledap/cwb_water_quality.html
Name: Data Subset Form
Protocol: order
Description: ERDDAP's version of the OPeNDAP .html web page for this dataset. Specify a subset of the dataset and download the data via OPeNDAP or in many different file types.
Function: download (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://pae-paha.pacioos.hawaii.edu/erddap/tabledap/cwb_water_quality.graph
Name: Make-A-Graph Form
Protocol: order
Description: ERDDAP's Make-A-Graph .html web page for this dataset. Create an image with a map or graph of a subset of the data.
Function: mapDigital (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)

Online Resource:

Linkage: http://pacioos.org/voyager/index.html?region=hi&t=m&s=1&o=qual:3::v7c50n1:wq
Name: PacIOOS Voyager (Google Maps API)
Protocol: http
Description: This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this dataset.
Function: download (CI_PresentationFormCode)

Online Resource:

Linkage: http://cwb.doh.hawaii.gov/CleanWaterBranch/WaterQualityData/
Name: State of Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB) website
Protocol: http
Description: This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this dataset.
Function: download (CI_PresentationFormCode)

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://www.waterqualitydata.us/portal/
Name: U.S. Water Quality Portal (WQP): Organization ID = "21HI"
Protocol: http
Description: This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this dataset.
Function: download (CI_PresentationFormCode)

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://www.pacioos.hawaii.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Beach_Monitoring_QAPP_CWBMONQAPP002_120507.pdf
Name: Related URL
Protocol: http
Description: This URL provides additional information related to this dataset.
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://health.hawaii.gov/cwb/files/2017/05/Hawaii-Beach-Monitoring-Program-170508.pdf
Name: Related URL
Protocol: http
Description: This URL provides additional information related to this dataset.
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)

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Metadata Reference Information

File Identifier:

http://pacioos.org/metadata/iso/cwb_water_quality.xml

Language:

eng

Character Set:

UTF8 (MD_CharacterSetCode)

Hierarchy Level:

dataset (MD_ScopeCode)

Hierarchy Level:

service (MD_ScopeCode)

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Organization Name: State of Hawaii Clean Water Branch (CWB)
Contact:

Contact Address:

Email: cleanwaterbranch@doh.hawaii.gov

Online Resource:

Linkage: https://health.hawaii.gov/cwb/
Protocol: http
Function: information (CI_OnLineFunctionCode)
Contact Role: pointOfContact (CI_RoleCode)

Date Stamp:

April 1, 2021

Metadata Maintenance Information:

Maintenance And Update Frequency: unknown

Maintenance Note:

This record was created using dataset metadata from ERDDAP.

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata Part 2 Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115-2:2009(E)

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)