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          Title: 
            NOAA Coral Reef Watch Operational Daily Near-Real-Time Global 5-km 
            Satellite Coral Bleaching Monitoring Products
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
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            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
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              Date: 
                Date: 
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        operational global satellite coral bleaching heat stress monitoring 
        products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near real-time, 
        including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, HotSpot, Degree 
        Heating Week (DHW), and Bleaching Alert Area (BAA). These data are 
        based on CoralTemp Version 1.0, a daily global 5-km sea surface 
        temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS operational 
        near-real-time daily global 5-km geostationary-polar-orbiting 
        (geo-polar) blended night-only SST analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 
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        SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met Office 1985-2002 daily 
        global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of Operational SST and Sea Ice 
        Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the difference of SST compared to 
        daily SST climatology. The coral bleaching HotSpot is a special type 
        of sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly and shows the difference of 
        SST compared to a coral bleaching SST threshold climatology. DHW is 
        the accumulation of Coral Bleaching HotSpots over a period of 12 
        consecutive weeks. The DHW value at any particular location at any 
        particular time is the summation of the product of HotSpot values 
        which are at least 1 deg C above the bleaching threshold SST and their 
        durations in weeks over the most recent 12-week period. One DHW is 
        equivalent to 1 week of SST at 1 deg C above the threshold or 0.5 week 
        of SST at 2 deg C above the threshold, etc. The units for DHW are deg 
        C-weeks, combining the intensity and duration of heat stress into one 
        single number. Based on research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat 
        stress reaches 4 deg C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral 
        bleaching, especially in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 
        deg C-weeks or higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and 
        mortality from the heat stress. Provides the most recent 3 years of 
        data only; for the full time series, see PacIOOS ERDDAP instead.
      Purpose: 
        PacIOOS provides timely, reliable, and accurate ocean information to 
        support a safe, clean, productive ocean and resilient coastal zone in 
        the U.S. Pacific Islands region.
      Credit: 
        NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW)
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            Spectrometers/Radiometers > Imaging Spectrometers/Radiometers > 
            AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
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            OSTIA Usage Statement (1985-2002): IMPORTANT usage statement. 
            Unless otherwise agreed in writing, these data may be used for 
            pure academic research only, with no commercial or other 
            application and all usage must meet the Met Office Standard Terms 
            and Conditions, which may be found here: 
            http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/legal/tandc.html. The data 
            may be used for a maximum period of 5 years. Reproduction of the 
            data is permitted provided the following copyright statement is 
            included: (C) Crown Copyright 2010, published by the Met Office. 
            You must submit a completed reproduction license application form 
            (here 
            http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/legal/repro_licence.html) 
            before using the data. This only needs to be completed once for 
            each user. WARNING Some applications are unable to properly handle 
            signed byte values. If values are encountered > 127, please 
            subtract 256 from this reported value. GHRSST statement 
            (2002-present): GHRSST protocol describes data use as free and 
            open. Coral Reef Watch program statement: The data produced by 
            Coral Reef Watch are available for use without restriction, but 
            Coral Reef Watch relies on the ethics and integrity of the user to 
            ensure that the source of the data and products is appropriately 
            cited and credited. When using these data and products, credit and 
            courtesy should be given to NOAA Coral Reef Watch. Please include 
            the appropriate DOI associated with this dataset in the citation. 
            For more information, visit the NOAA Coral Reef Watch website: 
            https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov. Recommendations for citing and 
            providing credit are provided at 
            https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/docs/recommendations_crw_citation.php. 
            Users are referred to the footer section of Coral Reef Watch's 
            website (https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/index.php) for 
            disclaimers, policies, notices pertaining to the use of the data.
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                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
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        operational global satellite coral bleaching heat stress monitoring 
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        including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, HotSpot, Degree 
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        based on CoralTemp Version 1.0, a daily global 5-km sea surface 
        temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS operational 
        near-real-time daily global 5-km geostationary-polar-orbiting 
        (geo-polar) blended night-only SST analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        2002-2016 reprocessed daily global 5-km geo-polar blended night-only 
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        global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of Operational SST and Sea Ice 
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        daily SST climatology. The coral bleaching HotSpot is a special type 
        of sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly and shows the difference of 
        SST compared to a coral bleaching SST threshold climatology. DHW is 
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        single number. Based on research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat 
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        bleaching, especially in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 
        deg C-weeks or higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and 
        mortality from the heat stress. Provides the most recent 3 years of 
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          Title: 
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          Date: 
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                Date: 
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        operational global satellite coral bleaching heat stress monitoring 
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        including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, HotSpot, Degree 
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        near-real-time daily global 5-km geostationary-polar-orbiting 
        (geo-polar) blended night-only SST analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 
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        global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of Operational SST and Sea Ice 
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        daily SST climatology. The coral bleaching HotSpot is a special type 
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        single number. Based on research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat 
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          Date: 
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                Date: 
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        operational global satellite coral bleaching heat stress monitoring 
        products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near real-time, 
        including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, HotSpot, Degree 
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        temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS operational 
        near-real-time daily global 5-km geostationary-polar-orbiting 
        (geo-polar) blended night-only SST analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        2002-2016 reprocessed daily global 5-km geo-polar blended night-only 
        SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met Office 1985-2002 daily 
        global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of Operational SST and Sea Ice 
        Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the difference of SST compared to 
        daily SST climatology. The coral bleaching HotSpot is a special type 
        of sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly and shows the difference of 
        SST compared to a coral bleaching SST threshold climatology. DHW is 
        the accumulation of Coral Bleaching HotSpots over a period of 12 
        consecutive weeks. The DHW value at any particular location at any 
        particular time is the summation of the product of HotSpot values 
        which are at least 1 deg C above the bleaching threshold SST and their 
        durations in weeks over the most recent 12-week period. One DHW is 
        equivalent to 1 week of SST at 1 deg C above the threshold or 0.5 week 
        of SST at 2 deg C above the threshold, etc. The units for DHW are deg 
        C-weeks, combining the intensity and duration of heat stress into one 
        single number. Based on research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat 
        stress reaches 4 deg C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral 
        bleaching, especially in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 
        deg C-weeks or higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and 
        mortality from the heat stress. Provides the most recent 3 years of 
        data only; for the full time series, see PacIOOS ERDDAP instead.
      Service_Type: 
        Local_Name: 
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              Linkage: 
                URL: 
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              Protocol: 
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              Name: 
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    Service_Identification: 
      Citation: 
        Citation: 
          Title: 
            NOAA Coral Reef Watch Operational Daily Near-Real-Time Global 5-km 
            Satellite Coral Bleaching Monitoring Products
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
                  creation
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2017-05-19
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
                  issued
          Date: 
            Date: 
              Date: 
                Date: 
                  2020-06-04
              Date_Type: 
                Date_Type_Code: 
                  revision
          Cited_Responsible_Party: 
            Responsible_Party: 
              Organisation_Name: 
                NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW)
              Contact_Information: 
                Contact: 
                  Address: 
                    Address: 
                      Electronic_Mail_Address: 
                        coralreefwatch@noaa.gov
                  Online_Resource: 
                    Online_Resource: 
                      Linkage: 
                        URL: 
                          https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov
                      Protocol: 
                        http
                      Application_Profile: 
                        web browser
                      Name: 
                      Description: 
                      Function: 
                        OnLine_Function_Code: 
                          information
              Role: 
                Role_Code: 
                  originator
      Abstract: 
        Contains a suite of NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW) version 3.1 
        operational global satellite coral bleaching heat stress monitoring 
        products at 5-km resolution produced daily in near real-time, 
        including sea surface temperature (SST), SST anomaly, HotSpot, Degree 
        Heating Week (DHW), and Bleaching Alert Area (BAA). These data are 
        based on CoralTemp Version 1.0, a daily global 5-km sea surface 
        temperature dataset combined from: (1.) NOAA/NESDIS operational 
        near-real-time daily global 5-km geostationary-polar-orbiting 
        (geo-polar) blended night-only SST analysis, (2.) NOAA/NESDIS 
        2002-2016 reprocessed daily global 5-km geo-polar blended night-only 
        SST analysis, and (3.) United Kingdom Met Office 1985-2002 daily 
        global 5-km night-only SST reanalysis of Operational SST and Sea Ice 
        Analysis (OSTIA). The SST anomaly is the difference of SST compared to 
        daily SST climatology. The coral bleaching HotSpot is a special type 
        of sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly and shows the difference of 
        SST compared to a coral bleaching SST threshold climatology. DHW is 
        the accumulation of Coral Bleaching HotSpots over a period of 12 
        consecutive weeks. The DHW value at any particular location at any 
        particular time is the summation of the product of HotSpot values 
        which are at least 1 deg C above the bleaching threshold SST and their 
        durations in weeks over the most recent 12-week period. One DHW is 
        equivalent to 1 week of SST at 1 deg C above the threshold or 0.5 week 
        of SST at 2 deg C above the threshold, etc. The units for DHW are deg 
        C-weeks, combining the intensity and duration of heat stress into one 
        single number. Based on research at Coral Reef Watch, when the heat 
        stress reaches 4 deg C-weeks, you can expect to see significant coral 
        bleaching, especially in more sensitive species. When heat stress is 8 
        deg C-weeks or higher, you would likely see widespread bleaching and 
        mortality from the heat stress. Provides the most recent 3 years of 
        data only; for the full time series, see PacIOOS ERDDAP instead.
      Service_Type: 
        Local_Name: 
          THREDDS NetCDF Subset Service
      Extent: 
        Extent: 
          Geographic_Element: 
            Geographic_Bounding_Box: 
              Extent_Type_Code: 
                Boolean: 
                  1
              West_Bound_Longitude: 
                Decimal: 
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              East_Bound_Longitude: 
                Decimal: 
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              South_Bound_Latitude: 
                Decimal: 
                  -89.975
              North_Bound_Latitude: 
                Decimal: 
                  89.975
          Temporal_Element: 
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              Extent: 
                Time_Period: 
                  Begin_Position: 
                    2021-05-20T12:00:00Z
                  End_Position: 
                    2024-05-19T12:00:00Z
          Vertical_Element: 
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              Maximum_Value: 
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          Distributed_Computing_Platforms: 
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              Protocol: 
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              Description: 
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              Function: 
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      Operates_On: 
  Content_Information: 
    Coverage_Description: 
      Attribute_Description: 
      Content_Type: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                crs
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    short
          Descriptor: 
            . This is a container variable that describes the grid_mapping 
            used by the data in this file. This variable does not contain any 
            data; only information about the geographic coordinate system.
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
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          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_DHW_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_DHW pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in the same 
            size as the data array in the X and Y directions, classifying 
            land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by the same 
            missing_value (specified by the variable attribute _FillValue) in 
            the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
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          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_HOTSPOT_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_HOTSPOT pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in the 
            same size as the data array in the X and Y directions, classifying 
            land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by the same 
            missing_value (specified by the variable attribute _FillValue) in 
            the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SSTANOMALY
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
            sea surface temperature anomaly
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SSTANOMALY_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_SSTANOMALY pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in 
            the same size as the data array in the X and Y directions, 
            classifying land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by 
            the same missing_value (specified by the variable attribute 
            _FillValue) in the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
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              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            bleaching alert area. Bleaching Alert Area (BAA) values are coral 
            bleaching heat stress levels: 0 - No Stress; 1 - Bleaching Watch; 
            2 - Bleaching Warning; 3 - Bleaching Alert Level 1; 4 - Bleaching 
            Alert Level 2. Product description is provided at 
            https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/product/5km/index.php.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_BAA_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_BAA pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in the same 
            size as the data array in the X and Y directions, classifying 
            land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by the same 
            missing_value (specified by the variable attribute _FillValue) in 
            the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_BAA_7D_MAX
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            bleaching alert area 7-day maximum composite. Bleaching Alert Area 
            (BAA) values are coral bleaching heat stress levels: 0 - No 
            Stress; 1 - Bleaching Watch; 2 - Bleaching Warning; 3 - Bleaching 
            Alert Level 1; 4 - Bleaching Alert Level 2. Product description is 
            provided at https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/product/5km/index.php.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_BAA_7D_MAX_mask
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    byte
          Descriptor: 
            CRW_BAA_7D_MAX pixel characteristics flag array. A 2D array, in 
            the same size as the data array in the X and Y directions, 
            classifying land, missing, and ice pixels that are all flagged by 
            the same missing_value (specified by the variable attribute 
            _FillValue) in the data array(s), along with water (data) pixels.
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SEAICE
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
            sea ice fraction (sea_ice_area_fraction). 0 is 0% ice, 1 is 100% ice
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                CRW_SST
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    double
          Descriptor: 
            sea surface temperature (sea_surface_temperature)
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                latitude
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            latitude (latitude). equirectangular projection and grid centers
          Value_Unit: 
      Dimension: 
        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                longitude
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    float
          Descriptor: 
            longitude (longitude). equirectangular projection and grid centers
          Value_Unit: 
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        Band: 
          Sequence_Identifier: 
            Member_Name: 
              Name: 
                time
              Attribute_Type: 
                Type_Name: 
                  Name: 
                    int
          Descriptor: 
            reference time (time)
          Value_Unit: 
  Distribution_Information: 
    Distribution: 
      Distributor: 
        Distributor: 
          Distributor_Contact: 
            Responsible_Party: 
              Individual_Name: 
              Organisation_Name: 
                Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS)
              Contact_Information: 
                Contact: 
                  Address: 
                    Address: 
                      Electronic_Mail_Address: 
                        info@pacioos.org
                  Online_Resource: 
                    Online_Resource: 
                      Linkage: 
                        URL: 
                          http://pacioos.org
                      Protocol: 
                        http
                      Application_Profile: 
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                      Name: 
                      Description: 
                      Function: 
                        OnLine_Function_Code: 
                          information
              Role: 
                Role_Code: 
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          Distributor_Format: 
            Format: 
              Name: 
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              Version: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Linkage: 
                    URL: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Name: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a catalog page for this dataset within 
                    THREDDS Data Server (TDS).
                  Function: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Protocol: 
                    http
                  Name: 
                    File Information
                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a standard OPeNDAP html interface for 
                    selecting data from this dataset. Change the extension to 
                    .info for a description of the dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Name: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
            Digital_Transfer_Options: 
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                  Protocol: 
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                  Name: 
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                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
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          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
            Digital_Transfer_Options: 
              Online: 
                Online_Resource: 
                  Linkage: 
                    URL: 
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                  Protocol: 
                    ERDDAP:griddap
                  Name: 
                    ERDDAP
                  Description: 
                    This URL provides a viewer and/or data access for this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
                      download
          Distributor_Transfer_Options: 
            Digital_Transfer_Options: 
              Online: 
                Online_Resource: 
                  Linkage: 
                    URL: 
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                  Protocol: 
                    http
                  Name: 
                    Related URL
                  Description: 
                    This URL provides additional information related to this 
                    dataset.
                  Function: 
                    OnLine_Function_Code: 
                      information
  Data_Quality_Information: 
    Data_Quality: 
      Scope: 
        Scope: 
          Hierarchy_Level: 
            Scope_Code: 
              dataset
      Lineage: 
        Lineage: 
          Statement: 
            2017-05-19T00:00:00Z Data obtained from NOAA Coral Reef Watch and 
            re-distributed via THREDDS Data Server (TDS) at PacIOOS to provide 
            temporal aggregation and distribution through NetCDF/OPeNDAP 
            utilities like ncWMS and ERDDAP.
            2018-11-26T00:00:00Z Upgraded dataset from v3.0 to v3.1, which 
            also extends start date from 2013-06-03 back to 1985-04-01.
            2020-06-04T00:00:00Z Although still v3.1, CRW implemented some 
            changes to metadata and ice masks for transition to NOAA/NESDIS 
            operational products.
            2024-01-12T22:35:00Z Due to ongoing difficulty serving the entire 
            time series aggregation through TDS, we are now limiting access to 
            the latest 3 years. For the full time series, see PacIOOS ERDDAP 
            instead.
            2024-03-20T21:18:00Z Full time series aggregation now restored in 
            TDS; no longer limited to latest data.
            2024-04-04T07:21:00Z Due to ongoing difficulty serving the entire 
            time series aggregation through TDS, we are now limiting access to 
            the latest 3 years. For the full time series, see PacIOOS ERDDAP 
            instead.
  Metadata_Maintenance: 
    Maintenance_Information: 
      Maintenance_And_Update_Frequency: 
      Maintenance_Note: 
        This record was translated from NcML using UnidataDD2MI.xsl Version 2.3.